Human Development

Brief

             The proposed HD project under RIGP is to converge with line departments and build upon the existing structures and mechanisms put in place through the various government and civil society initiatives and encapsulate the same in the Social Empowerment Mission. This project will also capitalize on the strengths of the livelihoods/Agricultural projects that SERP has been implementing for a long period to change the household level food consumption patterns and enhance the nutritional status of the people.

      

The major strength of this project is to work closely with all the line departments in convergence and develop common developmental plans in the identified 150 Mandals. Leveraging the social capital existing within the project and the efforts of the Front Line Workers (FLW’s) need to be channelized towards a common objective of reaching the HD goals. The project recognizes the need for strengthening capacities of both the supply as well as demand side.

      

The focus of this project will enable communities to be more empowered and the service providers to be accountable for the effective service delivery. The quality of service delivery and improvement in the overall feedback and information management system shall create a win-win situation for supply and demand side stakeholders. Similarly, within SERP, appropriate linkages are envisaged between the HD and Value Chain components.

      

The project would focus on the best window of opportunity of adolescence and 1000 days that lies between pregnancy through two years of age. Also, considering the critical significance of child development (physical, mental and cognitive development) during the formative years of 3 to 6 years, the project will focus on pre-school education. Furthermore, concentrated efforts will be made to improve water quality and sanitation, promoting Open Defecation Free (ODF) villages in particular, to enhance quality of life in the selected RIGP Mandals. A more comprehensive approach for improving nutrition, WASH and learning outcomes includes:

    i. Availability of clean drinking water and sanitation facilities and encouraging behavioral change towards hygienic practices.

    ii. Encouraging ODF villages to improve sanitation and hygiene

    iii.Incorporating growth monitoring and promotion

    iv.Improving maternal knowledge and care during pregnancy and IYCF

    v.Nutrition security at household level

    vi.Improved household hygiene practices leading to a reduction in household health expenditure

Wash Brief

The State of Andhra Pradesh has a high disease burden because of the consumption of unsafe water and the lack of proper sanitation facilities, especially among the rural communities. Water, Sanitation and Hygiene activities (WASH) are planned in a phased manner to achieve ODF villages and improve health outcomes. ODF Villages are those that have successfully eliminated open defecation through the use of IHHLs with access to adequate water at the household level and also have access to clean, purified drinking water.

A unique feature of the WASH model is the community’s role in the ownership of all its activities. The VHNSC’s formed as part of the process takes the overall responsibility for mobilizing demand to construct and use IHHLs. Other sub-committees formed as part of the process would be Procurement Committee, Construction Committee, and Vigilance Committee, comprising of various members of the community. It is essential that PRI members, AWW, ASHA, School Teachers and other village level workers be involved in these committees in order to reach 100% of the population. As the focus is on community management and ownership, the SHG leaders take the responsibility of their group members to discuss their requirements for funds in terms of loans, grants, advances, etc and collect their contribution and membership fees.

Menstrual Hygiene for Adolescent Girls through formation of groups and providing information on the importance of personal hygiene such as using sanitary napkins, washing hands at critical times, eating nutritious meals and other healthy living habits. Hand washing practices (at critical times), to be encouraged and monitored especially for children below 5, adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women.

In order to Achieve ODF Villages, the following must be ensured:

     a. Establish need for 100% Open defecation free status in the community

     b. Establish exclusive committees to take forward the activities involving all major groups within the community such as VHNSCs, SHGs, AWW, ASHA, PRI members Youth and leaders of the community

     c. Provision of support to VOs to provide loans to POP households in terms of WASH fund, material procurement by setting up Sanitary Marts, incentives to village level workers for mobilizing construction and use of IHHLs

     d. Provision of necessary trainings and updating of skills to the participants and community mobilizers

     e. Exclusive HD coordinator at District level to provide technical and administrative support for WASH activities to be implemented

Apart from the major activity of achieving ODF other activities that are being planned under WASH are as follows.

  • Soak Pits

  • Soak pits as an intervention try to address water stagnation which is a common sight in the rural settings in particular. Waste water from the houses if channelized to the soak pits would eventually result in the recharge on ground water table as well as no stagnation of water in the vicinity of the houses. This further results in the spread of diseases and thereby reduction in the health related expenditure.

  • Rural Sanitary Marts

  • RSM are being envisaged as a process of achieving ODF in a faster way possible. With the incremental increase in the demand for sanitary items with the onset of construction process shall necessarily necessitate need for Sanitary marts which offer a range of sanitary products. The RSM can be organized by VO or by any voluntary household.

  • Solid Waste Management

  • Objective of this intervention is to effectively manage the solid waste generated at the household level and thereby converting it to effective livelihood related activities through the establishment of Vermi compost units. Solid waste generated at the household level is segregated with the use of different dustbins ear marked for the type of waste shall be handy in processing the same. This intervention shall help keep the surroundings clean and hygiene.

  • RO Plant Establishment

  • Availability of pure drinking water to every household is one of the primary factors for providing healthy behaviors. Since water is one of the primary source of contaminants entering our bodies any intervention directed at effectively controlling the same shall help making a dent on the health related expenditures.

  • Swachhthadoot Enterprises:

  • An innovative way in altering the hygiene behaviors of the households is through the provision of hygiene products at the doorsteps of the household with the use of a vehicle. The vehicle is designed specially to house a variety of hygiene products. The intervention has a twin benefit in the form of ensuring livelihood opportunity for a Swachhtha doot and enabling the use of hygiene products by the households.

  • Phenoil Enterprises:

  • With the establishment of Individual Sanitary Latrines/ Institutional Toilets, need for maintaining the establishment in a hygienic manner is of immense need. Phenoil is one such important product that is of great demand in ensuring hygiene toilets. An enterprise in this regard would certainly yield rich dividends for the entrepreneurs as well as the stakeholders involved.

  • Sanitized Chicken & Fish Enterprises:

  • Sale of chicken and fish traditionally has been in the most unhygienic way. An improvement in the infrastructural support for vending the fish and chicken products shall not only enhance the ambience of the structure, but also ensure hygienic way in which the products are being sold.