The proposed HD project under RIGP
is to converge with line departments and build upon the existing structures and
mechanisms put in place through the various government and civil society initiatives
and encapsulate the same in the Social Empowerment Mission. This project will also
capitalize on the strengths of the livelihoods/Agricultural projects that SERP has
been implementing for a long period to change the household level food consumption
patterns and enhance the nutritional status of the people.
The major strength of this project is to work closely with all the line departments
in convergence and develop common developmental plans in the identified 150 Mandals.
Leveraging the social capital existing within the project and the efforts of the
Front Line Workers (FLW’s) need to be channelized towards a common objective of
reaching the HD goals. The project recognizes the need for strengthening capacities
of both the supply as well as demand side.
The focus of this project will enable communities to be more empowered and the service
providers to be accountable for the effective service delivery. The quality of service
delivery and improvement in the overall feedback and information management system
shall create a win-win situation for supply and demand side stakeholders. Similarly,
within SERP, appropriate linkages are envisaged between the HD and Value Chain components.
The project would focus on the best window of opportunity of adolescence and 1000
days that lies between pregnancy through two years of age. Also, considering the
critical significance of child development (physical, mental and cognitive development)
during the formative years of 3 to 6 years, the project will focus on pre-school
education. Furthermore, concentrated efforts will be made to improve water quality
and sanitation, promoting Open Defecation Free (ODF) villages in particular, to
enhance quality of life in the selected RIGP Mandals. A more comprehensive approach
for improving nutrition, WASH and learning outcomes includes:
i. Availability of clean drinking water and sanitation facilities
and encouraging behavioral change towards hygienic practices.
ii. Encouraging ODF villages to improve sanitation and hygiene
iii.Incorporating growth monitoring and promotion
iv.Improving maternal knowledge and care during pregnancy
v.Nutrition security at household level
vi.Improved household hygiene practices leading to a reduction
in household health expenditure
The State of Andhra Pradesh has a high disease burden because of the consumption
of unsafe water and the lack of proper sanitation facilities, especially among the
rural communities. Water, Sanitation and Hygiene activities (WASH) are planned in
a phased manner to achieve ODF villages and improve health outcomes. ODF Villages
are those that have successfully eliminated open defecation through the use of IHHLs
with access to adequate water at the household level and also have access to clean,
purified drinking water.
A unique feature of the WASH model is the community’s role in the ownership of all
its activities. The VHNSC’s formed as part of the process takes the overall responsibility
for mobilizing demand to construct and use IHHLs. Other sub-committees formed as
part of the process would be Procurement Committee, Construction Committee, and
Vigilance Committee, comprising of various members of the community. It is essential
that PRI members, AWW, ASHA, School Teachers and other village level workers be
involved in these committees in order to reach 100% of the population. As the focus
is on community management and ownership, the SHG leaders take the responsibility
of their group members to discuss their requirements for funds in terms of loans,
grants, advances, etc and collect their contribution and membership fees.
Menstrual Hygiene for Adolescent Girls through formation of groups and providing
information on the importance of personal hygiene such as using sanitary napkins,
washing hands at critical times, eating nutritious meals and other healthy living
habits. Hand washing practices (at critical times), to be encouraged and monitored
especially for children below 5, adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women.
In order to Achieve ODF Villages, the following must be ensured:
a. Establish need for 100% Open defecation free status
in the community
b. Establish exclusive committees to take forward the activities
involving all major groups within the community such as VHNSCs, SHGs, AWW, ASHA,
PRI members Youth and leaders of the community
c. Provision of support to VOs to provide loans to POP
households in terms of WASH fund, material procurement by setting up Sanitary Marts,
incentives to village level workers for mobilizing construction and use of IHHLs
d. Provision of necessary trainings and updating of skills
to the participants and community mobilizers
e. Exclusive HD coordinator at District level to provide
technical and administrative support for WASH activities to be implemented
Apart from the major activity of achieving ODF other activities that are being planned
under WASH are as follows.
Soak pits as an intervention try to address water stagnation which is a common sight
in the rural settings in particular. Waste water from the houses if channelized
to the soak pits would eventually result in the recharge on ground water table as
well as no stagnation of water in the vicinity of the houses. This further results
in the spread of diseases and thereby reduction in the health related expenditure.
Rural Sanitary Marts
RSM are being envisaged as a process of achieving ODF in a faster way possible.
With the incremental increase in the demand for sanitary items with the onset of
construction process shall necessarily necessitate need for Sanitary marts which
offer a range of sanitary products. The RSM can be organized by VO or by any voluntary
Solid Waste Management
Objective of this intervention is to effectively manage the solid waste generated
at the household level and thereby converting it to effective livelihood related
activities through the establishment of Vermi compost units. Solid waste generated
at the household level is segregated with the use of different dustbins ear marked
for the type of waste shall be handy in processing the same. This intervention shall
help keep the surroundings clean and hygiene.
RO Plant Establishment
Availability of pure drinking water to every household is one of the primary factors
for providing healthy behaviors. Since water is one of the primary source of contaminants
entering our bodies any intervention directed at effectively controlling the same
shall help making a dent on the health related expenditures.
An innovative way in altering the hygiene behaviors of the households is through
the provision of hygiene products at the doorsteps of the household with the use
of a vehicle. The vehicle is designed specially to house a variety of hygiene products.
The intervention has a twin benefit in the form of ensuring livelihood opportunity
for a Swachhtha doot and enabling the use of hygiene products by the households.
With the establishment of Individual Sanitary Latrines/ Institutional Toilets, need
for maintaining the establishment in a hygienic manner is of immense need. Phenoil
is one such important product that is of great demand in ensuring hygiene toilets.
An enterprise in this regard would certainly yield rich dividends for the entrepreneurs
as well as the stakeholders involved.
Sanitized Chicken & Fish Enterprises:
Sale of chicken and fish traditionally has been in the most unhygienic way. An improvement
in the infrastructural support for vending the fish and chicken products shall not
only enhance the ambience of the structure, but also ensure hygienic way in which
the products are being sold.